PDA

View Full Version : The Great Lighthouse of Alexandria


Anubis_AF
03-12-04, 20:18
http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v429/Anubis_AF/Alexandria.jpg

The Great Lighthouse of Alexandria
The Great Lighthouse of Alexandria stood over 122 meters high and it was the tallest building on Earth.It stood on the island of Pharos in the harbor of Alexandria, in Egypt. Scientist to this day are still fascinated by the mirror whose reflection could be seen up to 50 kilometers away. It is interesting to note that the word "pharos" came to mean lighthouse.

In the fall of 1994 a team of archaeological scuba divers entered the waters off of Alexandria, Egypt. Working beneath the surface they searched the bottom of the sea for artifacts. Large underwater blocks of stone were marked with floating masts so that an Electronic Distance Measurement station on shore could obtain their exact positions. Global positioning satellites were used to further fix the locations.
The information was then fed into computers to create a detailed database of the sea floor. Ironically, these scientists were using some of the most high-tech devices available at the end of the 20th century to try and discover the ruins of one of the most advanced technological achievements of the 3rd century, B.C.:
The Pharos. It was the great lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

The story of the Pharos starts with the founding of the city of Alexandria by the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.. Alexander started at least 17 cities named Alexandria at different locations in his vast domain. Most of them disappeared, but Alexandria in Egypt thrived for centuries and continues even today.

Alexander the Great choose the location of his new city carefully. Instead of building it on the Nile delta, he selected a site some twenty miles to the west, so that the silt and mud carried by the river would not block the city harbour. South of the city was the marshy Lake Mareotis. After a canal was constructed between the lake and the Nile, the city had two harbours: one for Nile River traffic, and the other for Mediterranean Sea trade. Both harbours would remain deep and clear

Alexander died soon after in 323 B.C. and the city was completed by Ptolemy Soter the new ruler of Egypt. Under Ptolemy the city became rich and prosperous. However, it needed both a symbol and a mechanism to guide the many trade ships into the busy harbour. Ptolemy authorized the building of the Pharos in 290 B.C., and when it was completed some twenty years later, it was the first lighthouse in the world and the tallest building in existence, with the exception of the Great Pyrami

[ 04. December 2004, 23:33: Message edited by: Anubis_AF ]

Nicky
03-12-04, 20:36
Thanks, Anubis http://www.tombraiderforums.com/images/smilies/thumb.gif http://www.tombraiderforums.com/images/smilies/wave.gif

Anubis_AF
03-12-04, 20:43
Originally posted by Nicky:
Thanks, Anubis http://www.tombraiderforums.com/images/smilies/thumb.gif http://www.tombraiderforums.com/images/smilies/wave.gif http://www.tombraiderforums.com/images/smilies/hug.gif http://www.tombraiderforums.com/images/smilies/hug.gif http://www.tombraiderforums.com/images/smilies/hug.gif

mattioz
03-12-04, 22:27
hey! have you deleted the pic or summin as it is not showing

Anubis_AF
04-12-04, 23:35
Fixed.

mattioz
04-12-04, 23:38
wow!

complex
05-12-04, 02:05
Did you know, Anubis, that the ruins of the Lighthouse were discovered by an archeologist called.......

Jean Yves!
Check This Out! (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/sunken/empereur.html)

mattioz
05-12-04, 13:32
lol, that name sounds familiar in more than one way (not just tomb raider) thanks for refreshing my memory! http://www.tombraiderforums.com/images/smilies/pistol.gif

Anubis_AF
05-12-04, 17:55
Originally posted by complex:
Did you know, Anubis, that the ruins of the Lighthouse were discovered by an archeologist called.......

Jean Yves!
Check This Out! (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/sunken/empereur.html)Thanks for that info complex.

larasfrend
05-12-04, 19:56
Cooooool! I wish I could go to Egypt! :(

Anubis_AF
05-12-04, 20:18
Join the club.

mattioz
05-12-04, 20:45
I asked to go but my parents said that i might end up being ill :( so i cannot go :(