View Full Version : MODIS: Snow in Iran & Floods in Iraq

tlr online
14-02-04, 07:11
Winter rains and possibly melting snow from Iran’s Zagros Mountains have begun to fill the marshes and shallow lakes of Southern and Eastern Iraq. Flooding in this region is an annual affair, though typically, the floods peak in April and May when spring snowmelt flows out of Iran. These true- and false-color MODIS images show that water levels had already begun to rise two months in to the rainy season. Winter rains usually run from December to April, and these images were acquired by the Aqua satellite on February 8, 2004. The mountains in Iran are still capped with snow, which appear light blue in the false-color image (roll your mouse over the true-color image to see the false-color).

Iraq’s marshlands are divided into three by the Tigris River in the north and the Euphrates River in the south. The two rivers converge to form the Shatt al Arab, which flows into the Persian Gulf. On the western banks of the Shatt al Arab, south of the Euphrates River, is the Hammar marsh. A black pool of dark water, Lake Hammar, dominates the marsh in this image. Directly north of the Hammar marsh, between the “v” formed by the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, is the Qurnah or Central marsh. During the 1990s, much of the water that fed this marsh was diverted away by dykes and earth barriers in a campaign to control the livelihood of Marsh Arabs living in the region. After the fall of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, the dykes and barriers were removed. The third marshland, the Hawizeh marsh, sits on the Iran-Iraq border, east of the Tigris River.

Floods in the marshlands have already caused problems this year. In early January, rediverted water combined with heavy rains caused intense floods near Nasiriya, a little north of Lake Hammar on the shores of the Euphrates River. Over 8,000 people were evacuated, and at least 180 houses were destroyed.


14-02-04, 07:29
Yeah, climate is changing - it's so blazing! http://www.tombraiderforums.com/images/smilies/privateeye.gif