wantafanta

17-01-07, 21:57

There is True North. The earth revolves around an axis which passes through True North and True South, like a top spinning on its south pole. Then there is Magnetic North. Your compass does not point to the North you will see on most maps. It points to a location about 1000 miles from the North Pole. The Magnetic North pole lies somewhere in Canada and moves a little bit each year. It is where the earth's magnetism converges.

To find True North from your compass you will need to either add or subtract several degrees. This is called declension or variation. The amount of degrees depends on where you are with your compass. If your compass points west of true north, you will need to add a few degrees to know where true north is. If the compass is pointing east of true north, you will need to subtract a few degrees. East is least and West is best is how you remember. (Least=subtract).

So, we have 10 directions: True North, South, East, West and Magnetic North, South, East, West plus up and down.

To find True North from your compass you will need to either add or subtract several degrees. This is called declension or variation. The amount of degrees depends on where you are with your compass. If your compass points west of true north, you will need to add a few degrees to know where true north is. If the compass is pointing east of true north, you will need to subtract a few degrees. East is least and West is best is how you remember. (Least=subtract).

So, we have 10 directions: True North, South, East, West and Magnetic North, South, East, West plus up and down.